Emergency Relief for Federally Owned Roads (ERFO)

Photograph of a damaged road

The Emergency Relief for Federally Owned Roads (ERFO) Program provides assistance to roads that have been defined as Federal roads. These are roads providing access to and within Federal and Indian lands. They include Tribal Transportation Facilities, Federal Lands Transportation Facilities, and Public Roads on Federal Lands. This is different from the Emergency Relief Program for Federal-aid highways such as the Interstate system.

The ERFO program also includes assistance to the following federal agencies having federal roads that are open to public travel for which title and maintenance responsibility is vested in the US government. They include Bureau of Reclamation roads; Department of Energy roads (previously under jurisdiction of the Bureau of Reclamation, i.e., owned by the Western Area Power Association); Department of Defense roads (Military Installation roads); and Surface Deployment and Distribution Command roads (Defense Access roads).

The Federal share for the repair of Tribal Transportation Facilities, Federal Lands Transportation Facilities, and Public Roads on Federal Lands is 100 percent under the ERFO Program. Funds for the ERFO Program are provided from the Highway Trust Fund and the General Funds through the Emergency Relief Program for Federal-aid Highways. ERFO funds are not to duplicate assistance under another Federal program or compensation from insurance, cost share, or any other source.

The intent of the ERFO Program is to pay the unusually heavy expenses to agencies that manage road systems, for the repair and reconstruction of Federal roads to pre-disaster conditions. These Federal roads were damaged by a natural disaster over a wide area or by a catastrophic failure from any external cause. The ERFO Program is intended to supplement the commitment of resources by Federal agencies to help pay unusually heavy expenses resulting from extraordinary conditions.

The ERFO Manual provides detailed program guidance and instructions on how Federal agencies and Indian tribal governments can apply for ERFO funding for road damage.

FLH Division ERFO Program Pages

FHWA Headquarters Program Office Contact

Sergio Mayorga
ERFO Program Manager
Office of Federal Lands Highway
Phone: (202) 366-9491
Email: Sergio.Mayorga@dot.gov