Federal Lands Planning Program (FLPP)
The United States depends on a safe and efficient transportation system to strengthen communities, provide access to jobs, services, and centers of trade, and, retain and enhance our economic competitiveness in the global marketplace. The transportation planning process is a forum through which transportation decisions are made to address these issues. The States, Metropolitan Planning Organizations, and Federal Land Management Agencies are required to conduct continuing, comprehensive and collaborative intermodal transportation planning that facilitates the efficient, economic movement of people and goods in all areas.
Title 23 U.S.C. Section 204 requires Federal Lands Highway (FLH), in consultation with the Federal Land Management Agencies (FLMAs), to develop planning procedures that are consistent with metropolitan and statewide planning processes (23 U.S.C. Sections 134 and 135).
The Federal Lands Transportation Planning Program (FLPP) was also established in Title 23 U.S.C. to implement transportation planning for Federal lands and Tribal transportation facilities that are consistent with the Statewide and Metropolitan transportation planning procedures under 23 U.S.C. Sections 134 and 135. The funding of the FLPP is capped at 5% for each fiscal year of the funds authorized under 23 U.S.C. Sections 203 and 204 (Federal Lands Transportation and Federal Lands Access programs). Activities under the Federal Lands Planning Program include: long range transportation plans; performance management activities -- including the development and implementation of safety, bridge, pavement, and congestion management systems; road and bridge inventory; and development and updating of the Transportation Improvement Program.
Long Range Transportation Plans
Long Range Transportation Plans (LRTPs) are an essential element of an agency's transportation planning because they are the foundation of the Transportation Improvement Programs (TIPs) that are administered at the agency's regional level through a cooperative effort between FLH and the Federal Land Management Agency (FLMA). The LRTP is a vision document that reflects the application of programmatic transportation goals to project prioritization. Transportation plans are conducted at the National, Regional, and unit level for FLMAs. LRTPs include financial components that demonstrate how the transportation plan can be implemented, identify the public and private resources expected to be available to carry out the plan, and recommend any additional financing strategies for needed projects and programs.
Transportation plans vary in terms of their planning horizon, scope, purpose and geographic scale. However, the same general planning process is followed whether the plan is being developed at a unit, statewide, multi-state regional or national scale. The diversity of transportation assets, the varied conditions, the sensitive environments and the growing and evolving needs of the visitors to these federal lands are among the challenges that face these agencies. Adding to these challenges are the modern day needs related to safety, congestion and addressing the implications of climate change, all of this occurring in a fiscally constrained environment. It is imperative that agencies prioritize their transportation needs and investments across all travel modes and facilities and spend transportation dollars wisely. The FLMAs use LRTPs to guide decision making and prioritize future funding to fulfill the transportation needs for the betterment of their region or unit.
The FLH Planning Team is responsible for either developing or assisting in the creation and implementation of Long Range Transportation Plans for Federal Land Management agency partners, including:
- National Park Service
- Fish and Wildlife Service
- Forest Service
- Bureau of Land Management
Transportation Improvement Program
The Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) is an essential component of the Federal Lands Planning Program. It is developed cooperatively between Federal Lands Highway Division offices and the Federal Land Management Agencies (FLMA), and provides a list of transportation improvements for a four-year period among the primary programs administered by the Office of Federal Lands Highway, the Federal Lands Transportation Program and the Federal Lands Access Program. FLH has responsibility for approval of the TIP. TIP requirements include:
- Administered by FLH
- Covers a four-year period
- Updated at least every four years
- Individually identifies regionally significant projects
- Public participation
- Submitted by FLH to appropriate States and metropolitan areas on behalf of the FLMA.
TIPs are not an all-inclusive transportation program for all Federal agencies. Rather, they are representative of those projects that are approved by the FHWA to utilize Federal Lands Highway Program funding. Each Federal Lands Division office develops their own TIP for projects delivered in their respective geographic region.
FLH works collaboratively with our FLMA partners, States, local governments, non-profit organizations, and others to conduct research and analyze state-of-the-practice transportation applications relative to activities to and within Federal Lands.
Unit Plans address areas of critical concern for the transportation system that are identified in the long range transportation planning process. Transportation planning is critically important at the unit level. The FLMA has flexibility to determine the best means of addressing this need. Unit plans include the following:
- New comprehensive management plans (General Management Plan, Comprehensive Conservation Plan, Forest Plan) with an integrated transportation element;
- Addendum or update to a comprehensive management plan with an integrated transportation element; or
- Comprehensive transportation study that includes an assessment of needs
A selection of completed studies:
- Mt. Hood National Forest, Washington Multimodal Transportation Plan
- Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge, Hawaii Alternative Transportation Study (File not found)
- National Key Deer Refuge, Florida Transportation Study (File not found)
- Felsenthal/Overflow National Wildlife Refuge, Arkansas Transportation Study
- Baltimore-Washington Parkway, Maryland Widening Feasibility Study
- Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge, Massachusetts
Headquarters Program Office and Division Office Contacts
- View the list of FLPP Contacts (Acrobat, 16 KB)