Tribal Transportation Program (TTP) Planning

Photos of tribal lands and structures

The purpose of the Tribal Transportation Program planning webpage is to provide resources and technical information on long-range transportation planning, which includes pre-project planning, and TTIP development for Tribal Governments administering the Tribal Transportation Program. In addition, non-tribal entities can obtain information on the Federal Highway Administration's government to government working relationship with Tribal Governments and to provide information on how to obtain TTIP information for inclusion in the State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP).

Transportation Planning

As defined in 25 CFR Part 170.400 and 410, the purpose of transportation planning is to "clearly demonstrate a tribe's transportation needs and to fulfill tribal goals by developing strategies to meet transportation needs. These strategies address current and future land use, economic development, traffic demand, public safety, health, and social needs." The long-range transportation plan development process allows for the inventory and analysis of infrastructure often in collaboration with State, Regional Planning Organizations, Cities, Counties, and other stakeholders to identify projects to improve multi-modal transportation options locally and regionally. As such, and as referenced in 170.414, developing a long-range transportation plan is crucial in the formulation of a comprehensive tribal priority list or Tribal Transportation Improvement Plan (TTIP) as a planning tool to program and deliver projects to meet the identified needs.

FHWA Tribal Consultation Defined:

The U.S. Department of Transportation Tribal Consultation Plan defines Tribal consultation as "meaningful and timely discussion in an understandable language with Tribal Governments."

"Affirmed in treaties, Supreme Court decision, and executive orders, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has a government-to-government relationship with Indian Tribal Governments and requires that the FHWA and other Federal agencies consult with Tribes regarding policy and regulatory matters. Additionally, 23 USC 134 and 23 USC 135 establish consultation requirements with Tribes through the Statewide and metropolitan transportation planning and programming processes." - FHWA HEP

LRTP Recommendations LRTP May Contain
  • Review and/or update LRTP every 5 years
  • LRTP provides a 20-year horizon guidance
  • Multimodal
  • Involves local and regional coordination
  • Evaluation of current and future conditions
  • Safety analysis
  • Data Modeling
  • Environmental analysis
  • Public involvement
  • Pre-project planning
  • Improvement recommendations

TTP Planning Sections

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